Here, we consider how one prominent model of the anthropogenic forces driving environmental impacts, the STIRPAT model, incorporates considerations of inequalities. Our assessment includes exploring STIRPAT’s limitations and ways in which it can be improved.
Historical exposure to logics of extractive colonialism accounts for up to 11% of variation in emissions-development relationships across nations, and moderates the association that emissions per capita, emissions per dollar, and total emissions have with development.
Can we find a way to lift nearly half of the world out of poverty and still reduce fossil fuel use? There can be no sustainable development, and likely no energy transition, if poverty is not addressed too.
Increases in the number of women in parliament and women’s education the carbon intensity of well-being drawn from women’s labor force participation. We discuss the variations in our results by reviewing relevant eco-gender literatures, and feminist economics.
Increases in incarceration within states are associated with increases in industrial emissions, and that increases in incarceration lead to a more tightly coupled association between gross domestic product per capita and industrial emissions.
We explore how the relationship between the intensity of urban development and the environmental intensity of social activity hinges upon the composition of the various dimensions of urban change (e.g., the extent and concentration of the built environment, the size and density of resident populations, and the availability of social resources).