Historical Inequality

Divergent Pathways on the Road to Sustainability- A Multilevel Model of the Effects of Geopolitical Power on the Relationship between Economic Growth and Environmental Quality

Core nations have an attenuated relationship between GDP per capita and emissions per capita at higher levels of economic activity, while those in the semiperiphery have a relationship that approximates the curve of a U. The majority of variation in emissions is correlated with time-invariant variables, not with time-variant predictors, such as GDP.

How do slums change the relationship between urbanization and the carbon intensity of well-being?

While urbanization is associated with increases in CIWB, the relationship between urban development and CIWB is vastly different in developed nations without slums than in under-developed nations with slums.