When are fossil fuels displaced? An exploratory inquiry into the role of nuclear electricity production in the displacement of fossil fuels.

Renewable sources of electricity do not displace fossil fuels over time across nations, though evidence of displacement is found in nuclear capable nations.

Snakes in The Greenhouse- Does increased natural gas use reduce carbon dioxide emissions from coal consumption?

CO2 emissions from natural gas sources do not displace CO2 emissions from coal. These results cast doubt on whether the growing use of natural gas is likely to help substantially reduce CO2 emissions.